What Diet for Your Disease?

Foodary is more than alkaline diets. I investigate and explain diets and health. All diets affect health, but here, I’m looking at specific diseases.

You must consider your personal health situation when planning your diet. If you suffer from any disease, it may affect your choice of food and drink items. Sometimes food groups are restricted, sometimes they are beneficial. Let’s look at different diet choices for specific diseases.

What Diet for Your Disease?

Recently, I reviewed alkaline diets and diseases in What has pH Balance to do with Diseases? Alkaline diet is important to me, but I want Foodary to cover all healthy eating plans.

Prompted by a recent report, I list various diets here. Later, I will take a more in-depth view of the most relevant diets and diseases. The report is “Types of diet and their nutritional impact on health,” published in the May 2014 edition of Science and Technology (Sci. Technol. 2014, 1(1), 26-29). There is very little specific detail in the report, but it does give a very useful overview that I will choose as a starting point. It also has the facts wrong on alkaline diet, but this is not unusual in many books and published nutrition studies.

Types of diet and their nutritional impact on health

The introduction stresses the importance of nutritional balance in diet. Diets must balance nutrition to meet normal human needs, and also avoid harmful excesses. This means balancing macro-nutrients (carbohydrate, fat, protein) and micro-nutrients (electrolytes, minerals, vitamins). The authors mention the importance of type of macro-nutrients as well as quantity. There is no detail about this, but it is something I will return to later. You will notice that I provide many food lists on Foodary that help you plan and measure the quantities of various nutrients. As I refine my database, I plan to include nutrition quality scores.

The diets listed in the report, with effects on diseases, are:

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Diet Name Description Diseases Notes

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Diabetic Diet Reduced Carbs, increased Protein, restricted Fat Diabetes Aims to:

  • Minimize high blood glucose and glucose in urine
  • Maintain healthy weight
  • Prevent coma, low blood glucose, and ketosis

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Low calorie Diet Restrict Carbs, Fat, and Protein Heart disease, kidney disease, gout, over-active thyroid

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High-protein, High-fat, low carbohydrate Diet Low blood glucose

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Ketogenic Diet Low Carbs, high Fat, low Protein Epilepsy

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Lactose-free Diet Milk sugar intolerance

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Dumping Syndrome Diet Sickness with eating after stomach surgery

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Restricted Fat Diet Liver, gall bladder, or pancreas disorders These diseases often affect absorption of fat

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Fat-controlled, Low Cholesterol Diet High cholesterol, atherosclerosis

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Gluten-free Diet Celiac disease, Non-tropical sprue Gluten intolerance

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Restricted Phenylalanine Diet Phenylketonuria

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Restricted Purine Diet Gout To decrease blood uric acid level

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Increased Sodium Diet Addison’s disease

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Restricted Sodium Diet Heart disease, high blood pressure, swollen kidneys, cirrhosis of liver with ascites, pre-eclampsia, eclampsia, and
ACTH therapy

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Restricted Potassium Diet Where potassium is not excreted properly from the body

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Restricted Copper Diet Wilson’s disease, oliguria or anuria

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Traditional Diet More organic farming and seasonal
food according to food origins
E.g. Native Americans, Khoisan or Australian
Aborigines

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Atkins Diet Low carbs Intended to switch the body’s metabolism from burning glucose as fuel to burning stored body fat. This process, called ketosis, begins when insulin levels are low

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Blood type Diet

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Kashrus Jewish dietary laws Widely called kosher

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Mediterranean Diet high olive oil consumption, high consumption of legumes, unrefined cereals, fruits, vegetables, moderate consumption of dairy products (mostly as cheese and yogurt), moderate to high consumption of fish, low consumption of meat and meat products and moderate wine consumption From traditional eating habits of Southern Italy, parts of Greece, including Crete

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Zone Diet 40:30:30 ratio for calories from Carbs:Fats:Proteins

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South Beach Diet

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DASH Diet Rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains and low-fat dairy foods; includes meat, fish, poultry, nuts and beans; and is limited in sugar-sweetened foods and beverages, red meat and added fats High blood pressure Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension from the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute

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Prudent Diet Low in total fat, saturated fat, trans fat, cholesterol and sodium Heart disease Assist in lowering cholesterol and triglyceride blood levels and blood pressure

 
 

Diets and Diseases image
I have omitted the alkaline diet from this list, as the diet in the report is based on alkaline and acid ash values. That approach is now outdated in favor of PRAL, and similar scoring systems that estimate acid load on the kidneys.

As I said earlier, I will explain these diets in more detail in separate articles. I will be influenced by your interest and by your comments. Please share your questions, opinions, and experiences in Foodary’s Healthy Eating Forum.

What diets and diseases are most important to you?


What Diet for Your Disease: Document History

Date Revision
Aug 20, 2014 (first archive). First Published.
Aug 30, 2016 (archive). Forum links changed.

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