Mediterranean Diet Timeline: Into the 90s

Into the 90s is my second timeline charting the recognition of Mediterranean Diet as a healthy eating style. So if you missed the first timeline, check it out at Mediterranean Diet Timeline: Child of the 80s.

In today’s timeline, I show how the 1990s brought more research into health benefits of Mediterranean diet. So we see more quality studies and more studies into the effect of Mediterranean Diet on various health problems. Later, after finishing the timelines I will publish in-depth reviews of key studies for each disease. Also, I will produce food lists, eating plans, and recipes that help you switch to healthier eating.

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Mediterranean Diet 1991-1994

Below, I list the diseases shown to be helped by a Mediterranean Diet. In summary, these are: Atherosclerosis, Atherogenetic disease, High blood pressure, High cholesterol, Heart disease, Improved albumin, Mortality, Overweight, and Reduced granulocyte count. Also, Mediterranean Diet is associated with healthy nutrition. Specifically, these studies include health benefits for Healthy Fats, More Fiber, Vitamin C, and Vitamin E.


Citation: Buzina, R., K. Subotičanec, and M. Šarić. “Diet patterns and health problems: diet in southern Europe.” Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism 35, no. Suppl. 1 (1991): 32-40.
Main Disease: Heart Disease.
Other Diseases: Mortality.

Mediterranean populations have shown a lower total mortality rate as well as a specific mortality from coronary heart disease (CHD) which in part could be explained by their dietary habits.

1993 September

Citation: Garcia-Closas, R., L. Serra-Majem, and R. Segura. “Fish consumption, omega-3 fatty acids and the Mediterranean diet.” European journal of clinical nutrition 47 (1993): S85-90.
Main Disease: Heart Disease.

dietary factors other than fish, such as the lower meat consumption associated to the higher fish intake, or other differences of lifestyle have perhaps intervened, helping to explain the healthy nature of the Mediterranean diet.


Citation: Renaud, Serge, and Michel De Lorgeril. “Nutrition, atherosclerosis and coronary heart disease.” Reproduction Nutrition Development 34, no. 6 (1994): 599-607.
Main Disease: Heart Disease.
Other Diseases: Atherosclerosis.
Healthy Nutrition:

Mediterranean diet with more cereals, vegetables, fruit, less saturated fats and more n-3 fatty acids has recently been shown to afford a rapid and exceptional protection from recurrences and death in coronary patients.


Citation: Visioli, Francesco, and Claudio Galli. “Oleuropein protects low density lipoprotein from oxidation.” Life Sciences 55, no. 24 (1994): 1965-1971.
Main Disease: Heart Disease.
Other Diseases: Atherogenetic Disease.
Healthy Nutrition:

polyphenolic components of the Mediterranean diet interfere with biochemical events that are implicated in atherogenetic disease, thus proposing a new link between the Mediterranean diet and prevention of heart disease.

Notes: I believe “Atherogenetic Disease” is related to cholesterol. But I need to research the definition for clarity.

1994 June

Citation: ABRUZZESE, GIOVANNI, GIUSEPPE ROTOLO, GILIA RANELI, R. O. S. A. DE SIMONE, and ANTONIO STRANO. “Cardiovascular risk factors and dietary habits in secondary school children in southern Italy.” International angiology 13 (1994): 148-53.
Main Disease: High Cholesterol.
Other Diseases: Overweight, High Blood Pressure.
Healthy Nutrition: Healthier Fats, More Fiber.

Modern diet compared to Mediterranean Diet shows increase of cholesterol (+54%) and fat intake (+2% of total calories), a reduction of fibre intake (-32%) and an increase of 2S-P difference (+27%) and of total fats/fibre ratio (+53%).

Notes: 2S-P refers to the ratio of saturated to polyunsaturated fat.

1994 June

Citation: De Lorgeril, Michel, Serge Renaud, P. Salen, I. Monjaud, N. Mamelle, J. L. Martin, Jeannine Guidollet, Paul Touboul, and Jacques Delaye. “Mediterranean alpha-linolenic acid-rich diet in secondary prevention of coronary heart disease.” The Lancet 343, no. 8911 (1994): 1454-1459.
Main Disease: Improved mortality rates, Heart Disease
Other Diseases: Reduced granulocyte count, improved albumin.
Healthy Nutrition: Increased vitamins E and C.

Overall mortality was 20 in the control, 8 in the experimental group, an adjusted risk ratio of 0.30. An alpha-linolenic acid-rich Mediterranean diet seems to be more efficient than presently used diets in the secondary prevention of coronary events and death.

Healthy Fish in Mediterranean Diet photo

Which healthy fish do you like in your Mediterranean Diet?

Your Mediterranean Diet

What does Mediterranean Diet mean to you? Do you already adopt a Mediterranean eating style? Or are you wondering how to improve your eating habits to be healthier? Please share your healthy eating questions, experiences, and opinions.

My next Mediterranean Diet timeline covers a single year. Because research into Mediterranean style eating and health was very popular in 1995. So scroll back up to get email notification when I publish the next article.

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